As the world begins to feel the impact of global warming, energy efficiency and conservation have become acceptable tools in combating global warming. Energy conservation is mostly regarded as a “low hanging fruit” in protecting the energy resources available to every country. In most countries, cheap hydroelectric power is giving way to expensive thermal electricity with its associated global warming potentials.
The growth of thermal generation is partly attributable to growth in demand and erratic rainfall due to climate change. Energy efficiency and conservation have become the clarion call of the Commission because it is cheaper to conserve than to build.
The Energy Commission has elaborated rules and regulations that feed into the national policy of energy efficiency and conservation. The Commission has since 2007 implemented landmark programmes that have saved Ghana a lot of investments which would have otherwise gone into building of power plants.
Notable among these programmes are; lighting retrofit which saw the distribution of six million compact fluorescent filament lamps at no cost to consumers, capacitor installation programme in public buildings and refrigerating efficiency and market transformation project.
Energy efficiency performance standards have been prescribed for non-ducted air conditioners, compact fluorescent filament lamps and refrigerators. Any of these appliances that do not meet the minimum energy performance standards is not permitted in the country.
The Commission, through intensive public education, to a large extent has succeeded in changing the consumer attitude towards energy use. It will therefore not relent on its efforts in striving to achieve its objective of making Ghana one of the most energy efficient economies in the world.